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Low methane leakage from gas pipelines : a switch from coal or oil to natural gas could mitigate climate effects in the short term

  • Using natural gas for fuel releases less carbon dioxide per unit of energy produced than burning oil or coal, but its production and transport are accompanied by emissions of methane, which is a much more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide in the short term. This calls into question whether climate forcing could be reduced by switching from coal and oil to natural gas. We have made measurements in Russia along the world's largest gas-transport system and find that methane leakage is in the region of 1.4%, which is considerably less than expected and comparable to that from systems in the United States. Our calculations indicate that using natural gas in preference to other fossil fuels could be useful in the short term for mitigatingUsing natural gas for fuel releases less carbon dioxide per unit of energy produced than burning oil or coal, but its production and transport are accompanied by emissions of methane, which is a much more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide in the short term. This calls into question whether climate forcing could be reduced by switching from coal and oil to natural gas. We have made measurements in Russia along the world's largest gas-transport system and find that methane leakage is in the region of 1.4%, which is considerably less than expected and comparable to that from systems in the United States. Our calculations indicate that using natural gas in preference to other fossil fuels could be useful in the short term for mitigating climate change.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Peer-Reviewed Article
Author:Jos Lelieveld, Stefan LechtenböhmerORCiDGND, Sergey S. Assonov, Carl A. M. Brenninkmeijer, Carmen Dienst, Manfred FischedickORCiDGND, Thomas Hanke
Year of Publication:2005
Language:English
Source Title (English):Nature
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/434841a
Volume:434
Issue:7036
First Page:841
Last Page:842
Division:Zukünftige Energie- und Mobilitätsstrukturen
Energie-, Verkehrs- und Klimapolitik
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Politik