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Policy drivers and barriers for coal-to-liquids (CtL) technologies in the United States

  • Because of a growing dependence on oil imports, powerful industrial, political and societal stakeholders in the UnitedStates are trying to enhance national energy security through the conversion of domestic coal into synthetic hydrocarbon liquid fuels - so-called coal-to-liquids (CtL) processes. However, because of the technology's high costs and carbon intensity, its market deployment is strongly affected by the US energy, technology and climate policy setting. This paper analyses and discusses policy drivers and barriers for CtL technologies in the United States and reaches the conclusion that an increasing awareness of global warming among US policy-makers raises the requirements for the technology's environmental performance and, thus,Because of a growing dependence on oil imports, powerful industrial, political and societal stakeholders in the UnitedStates are trying to enhance national energy security through the conversion of domestic coal into synthetic hydrocarbon liquid fuels - so-called coal-to-liquids (CtL) processes. However, because of the technology's high costs and carbon intensity, its market deployment is strongly affected by the US energy, technology and climate policy setting. This paper analyses and discusses policy drivers and barriers for CtL technologies in the United States and reaches the conclusion that an increasing awareness of global warming among US policy-makers raises the requirements for the technology's environmental performance and, thus, limits its potential to regional niche markets in coal-producing states or strategic markets, such as the military, with specific security and fuel requirements.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Peer-Reviewed Article
Author:Daniel VallentinORCiDGND
Year of Publication:2008
Language:English
Source Title (English):Energy policy
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.04.032
Volume:36
Issue:6
First Page:3188
Last Page:3201
Division:Zukünftige Energie- und Mobilitätsstrukturen
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Politik