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Future development of the upstream greenhouse gas emissions from natural gas industry, focussing on Russian gas fields and export pipelines

  • Natural gas makes an increasing contribution to the European Union's energy supply. Due to its efficiency and low level of combustion emissions this reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared to the use of other fossil fuels. However, being itself a potent greenhouse gas, a high level of direct losses of natural gas in its process chain could neutralise these advantages. Which effect will finally prevail depends on future economical as well as technical developments. Based on two different scenarios of the main influencing factors we can conclude that over the next two decades CH4 emissions from the natural gas supply chain can be significantly reduced, in spite of unfavourable developments of the supply structures. This, however, needs aNatural gas makes an increasing contribution to the European Union's energy supply. Due to its efficiency and low level of combustion emissions this reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared to the use of other fossil fuels. However, being itself a potent greenhouse gas, a high level of direct losses of natural gas in its process chain could neutralise these advantages. Which effect will finally prevail depends on future economical as well as technical developments. Based on two different scenarios of the main influencing factors we can conclude that over the next two decades CH4 emissions from the natural gas supply chain can be significantly reduced, in spite of unfavourable developments of the supply structures. This, however, needs a substantial, but economically attractive investment into new technology, particularly in Russia.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Peer-Reviewed Article
Author:Stefan LechtenböhmerORCiDGND, Carmen Dienst
Year of Publication:2010
Language:English
Source Title (English):Journal of integrative environmental sciences
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/19438151003774463
Volume:7
Issue:S1
First Page:39
Last Page:48
Division:Zukünftige Energie- und Mobilitätsstrukturen
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Wirtschaft