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COP 21 can become a turning point towards sustainable energy systems : paper on behalf of the secretariat of the Club of Rome preparing for COP 21

  • Will climate change stay below the 2 degree target in the 21st century on the basis of the COP 21 results? Looking into challenges and opportunities, this paper answers: To stay below the global 2dt is neither a real choice for the world society nor for businesses and civil societies in specific countries. It is a global guideline, scientifically developed for global negotiations, which should be broken down to national interests and actors. Key questions concerning the energy sector from the perspective of national interests are how to create and sustain a momentum for the inevitable energy transition, how to encourage disruptive innovations, avoid lock in effects, enable rapid deployment of energy efficiency and renewable energies etc. OrWill climate change stay below the 2 degree target in the 21st century on the basis of the COP 21 results? Looking into challenges and opportunities, this paper answers: To stay below the global 2dt is neither a real choice for the world society nor for businesses and civil societies in specific countries. It is a global guideline, scientifically developed for global negotiations, which should be broken down to national interests and actors. Key questions concerning the energy sector from the perspective of national interests are how to create and sustain a momentum for the inevitable energy transition, how to encourage disruptive innovations, avoid lock in effects, enable rapid deployment of energy efficiency and renewable energies etc. Or in other words: how to get to a competitive, economically benign, inclusive, low carbon and risk minimising energy system. With this background the paper argues that "burden sharing" is a misleading perception of strong climate mitigation strategies. It is more realistic to talk about "benefit sharing", using the monetary benefits and co-benefits of climate mitigation (e.g. energy cost savings, revenues from CO2-tax or emission trading systems) to help vulnerable national and international actors to adapt to the unavoidable climate risks. It has to be demonstrated on country level that the technologies and policy mix of strong climate mitigation and risk-minimising actions are indeed "benefit sharing" strategies which should be chosen anyhow, even if there was no climate change. For China and Germany this paper includes basic findings supporting this view.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Working Paper
Author:Peter Hennicke, Manfred FischedickORCiDGND, Katharina Knoop, Hans-Jochen Luhmann, Thomas Fink
URN (citable link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:wup4-opus-62804
Publisher:Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
Place of Publication:Wuppertal
Year of Publication:2016
Pagenumber:55
Series Title (English):Wuppertal papers
Volume:189
Language:English
Division:Zukünftige Energie- und Industriesysteme
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Sozialwissenschaften
Licence:License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung