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Climate change mitigation pathways for Southeast Asia : CO2 emissions reduction policies for the energy and transport sectors

  • As of June 2017, 150 countries have ratified the Paris Climate Agreement. This agreement calls for, among other things, strong reductions in CO2 emissions by 2030 and beyond. This paper reviews the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) plans of six Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and compares their current and projected future CO2 levels across sectors, and their stated targets in the context of their economic and demographic situations. This comparison reveals wide variations in the types of targets, with the "ambition" level changing as the perspective changes from total CO2 to CO2/capita and per unit gross domestic product (GDP). We also review national plans as stated in NDCs and find that while there areAs of June 2017, 150 countries have ratified the Paris Climate Agreement. This agreement calls for, among other things, strong reductions in CO2 emissions by 2030 and beyond. This paper reviews the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) plans of six Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and compares their current and projected future CO2 levels across sectors, and their stated targets in the context of their economic and demographic situations. This comparison reveals wide variations in the types of targets, with the "ambition" level changing as the perspective changes from total CO2 to CO2/capita and per unit gross domestic product (GDP). We also review national plans as stated in NDCs and find that while there are many types of policies listed, few are quantified and no attempts are made to score individual or groups of policies for their likelihood in achieving stated targets. We conclude that more analysis is needed to better understand the possible impacts of current policies and plans on CO2 emissions, and whether current plans are adequate to hit targets. Considerations on better aligning targets are also provided.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Peer-Reviewed Article
Author:Lew Fulton, Alvin Mejia, Magdala Arioli, Kathleen Dematera, Oliver Lah
URN (citable link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:wup4-opus-67412
Year of Publication:2017
Language:English
Source Title (English):Sustainability
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071160
Volume:9
Issue:7
Release Date:2017/07/11
Division:Energie-, Verkehrs- und Klimapolitik
Dewey Decimal Classification:380 Handel, Kommunikation, Verkehr
OpenAIRE:OpenAIRE
Licence:License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung