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Evaluating the adequacy of the outcome of COP21 in the context of the development of the broader international climate regime complex : deliverable 4.2 ; COP21 - results and implications for pathways and policies for low emissions European societies

  • Much mitigation-related governance activity is evident in a range of sectoral systems, and regarding particular governance functions. However, there is a tendency for this activity to relate to the easiest functions to address, such as "learning and knowledge building", or to take place in somewhat limited "niches". Across all sectoral systems examined, the gap between identified governance needs and what is currently supplied is most serious in terms of the critical function of setting rules to facilitate collective action. A lack of "guidance and signal" is also evident, particularly in the finance, extractive industries, energy-intensive industries, and buildings sectoral systems. Of the sectoral systems examined, the power sectorMuch mitigation-related governance activity is evident in a range of sectoral systems, and regarding particular governance functions. However, there is a tendency for this activity to relate to the easiest functions to address, such as "learning and knowledge building", or to take place in somewhat limited "niches". Across all sectoral systems examined, the gap between identified governance needs and what is currently supplied is most serious in terms of the critical function of setting rules to facilitate collective action. A lack of "guidance and signal" is also evident, particularly in the finance, extractive industries, energy-intensive industries, and buildings sectoral systems. Of the sectoral systems examined, the power sector appears the most advanced in covering the main international governance functions required of it. Nevertheless, it still falls short in achieving critical governance functions necessary for sufficient decarbonisation. Significantly, while the signal is strong and clear for the phase-in of renewable energy, it is either vague or absent when it comes to the phase-out of fossil fuel-generated electricity. The same lack of signal that certain high-carbon activities need actively to be phased out is also evident in financial, fossil-fuel extractive industry and transport-related sectors. More effective mitigation action will need greater co-ordination or orchestration effort, sometimes led by the UNFCCC, but also from the bodies such as the G20, as well as existing (or potentially new) sector-level institutions. The EU needs to re-consider what it means to provide climate leadership in an increasingly "polycentric" governance landscape.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Document Type:Report
Author:Tim Rayner, Zoha Shawoo, Lukas HermwilleORCiDGND, Wolfgang Obergassel, Florian Mersmann, Friederike Asche, Frederic Rudolph, Oliver Lah, Santhosh Kodukala, Sebastian Oberthür, Gauri Khandekar, Tomas Wyns, Bianka Kretschmer, Damon Jones, Mahlet Melkie, Luis Zamarioli
URN (citable link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:wup4-opus-72042
Publisher:Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations
Place of Publication:Paris
Year of Publication:2018
Pagenumber:308
Language:English
Release Date:2019/01/18
Division:Energie-, Verkehrs- und Klimapolitik
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Politik
Licence:License LogoIn Copyright - Urheberrechtlich geschützt