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Can a CO2 tax be socially just? : Analysis of the social distribution effects of the German CO2 taxation

  • Rising energy costs have led to increased discussion about the social impact of the energy transition in Germany in recent years. In 2021, a gradually increasing CO2 tax was introduced. This paper analyzes the question of whether a CO2 tax can be socially just. Using data analysis and desk research, correlations between income and energy consumption in Germany are shown. In a short analysis, it is investigated which additional burdens different types of private households have to expect in the coming years due to the introduction of CO2 pricing on energy. In particular, the introduction of a per capita flat rate fed by CO2 tax revenues could be a suitable way to reduce the burden on low-income households.

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Document Type:Peer-Reviewed Article
Author:Maike Venjakob, Oliver Wagner, Birte Schnurr
URN (citable link):https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:wup4-opus-83909
DOI (citable link):https://doi.org/10.3390/en16176232
Year of Publication:2023
Source Title (English):Energies
Article Number:6232
Divisions:Energie-, Verkehrs- und Klimapolitik
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Politik
Licence:License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International